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ABSTRACT The overriding challenges of increasing demand, competition for land use and other resource scarcities put massive pressure on agriculture and the food and feed industry to SECURITY, SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE, MARINE to the use of raw materials, either for their fresh use or their con-a much more complex and multi-directional valuechain, where research and innovation must encom-pass needs and opportunities from climate, availableresources, environmental sustainability, transport, energyand health perspectives, not to mention social and eco-nomic requirements. The processing of food, feed, bio-ener-gy and bio-materials must also be seen to a much greater ex-tent in a holistic perspective including a full life-cycle approachchemical integrity of valuable components and exploiting the highest valueAND MARITIME RESEARCH AND THE BIO-ECONOMYproduce signifi cantly more per unit of resource.Food, agriculture and land use must be seen in FOOD utilising smart and energy-effi cient processing chains, while maintaining theversion into shelf-stable and refi ned products and the associatedsupply chain. Here, key objectives are reductions in food waste andwater consumption, valorisation of all bio-resources, including munici-pal bio-waste and agro- and bioindustrial side streams, as well as therecycling of suffi cient amounts of carbon and phosphor to maintain soilvitality. Valorisation from biomass must be optimised by developing and from each biomass component (e.g. nutraceuticals for gut health improvement, food ingredients, proteins, optimised animal feed, biopolymers, fi bres, chemical feedstocks, car fuel, and, fi nally, converting any remaining residues to biogas, electricity and heat. Increasing prevalence of diet-related diseases and disorders calls for a balanced healthcare concept more geared towards prevention. This calls for new knowledge for the development of affordable and effective dietary adjustments for better health at individual and population levels, with special emphasis on children’s needs and the ageing population. There is an overall need to create an innovation culture where researchers, companies (especially SMEs), university education, NGOs and gov- ernments (including regulatory authorities) work closely together to increase the speed and volume of the exploitation of research and knowledge across this area. 30


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